He chose 14 August as the date of the ceremony of power transfer to Pakistan because he wanted to attend ceremonies both in India and Pakistan. 30) passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, divided British India into the two new independent dominions; India and Pakistan.
The act provided a mechanism for division of Bengal and Punjab provinces between the two nations, establishment of the office of the governor-general, conferral of complete legislative authority upon the respective Constituent Assemblies, and division of joint property between the two new countries.
Eventually, in February 1947, Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced that the British government would grant full self-governance to British India by June 1948 at the latest.
On 3 June 1947, the British government announced that the principle of division of British India in two independent states was accepted.
Independence Day (Urdu: یوم آزادی; Yaum-e Āzādī), observed annually on 14 August, is a national holiday in Pakistan, commemorating the day when Pakistan achieved independence and was declared a sovereign nation, following the end of the British Raj in 1947.
Pakistan came into existence as a result of the Pakistan Movement; the Pakistan Movement aimed for creation of an independent Muslim state by division of the north-western region of the South Asia and was led by All-India Muslim League under the leadership of Muhammad Ali Jinnah.In 1946, a Cabinet Mission was sent to try and reach a compromise between Congress and the Muslim League, proposing a decentralized state with much power given to local governments, but it was rejected by both the parties.This also resulted in many communal riots in the South Asia.In 1946, Indian National Congress, being a secular party, demanded a single state.The Muslim majorities, having disagreement with the idea of single state, gave stress to the idea of Pakistan, as a response to Congress’ demand for a single state.The widespread discontent of this period crystallized into nationwide non-violent movements of non-cooperation and civil disobedience.The idea for a separate religion-based state was introduced by Allama Iqbal in his speech as the President of the Muslim League in December 1930.It marks the fulfillment of the destiny of the Muslim nation which made great sacrifices in the past few years to have its homeland.”It was on 15 August that the nation celebrated its birthday, however in subsequent years 14 August was marked as the independence day.The first commemorative postage stamps of the country, released in July 1948, also gave 15 August 1947 as the independence day.In the 1940s, as the Indian independence movement intensified, an upsurge of Muslim nationalism helmed by the All-India Muslim League took place, of which Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the most prominent leader.:195–203 Being a political party to secure the interests of the Muslim diaspora in British India, the Muslim League played a decisive role during the 1940s in the Indian independence movement and developed into the driving force behind the creation of Pakistan as a Muslim state in the South Asia.During a three-day general session of All-India Muslim League from 22–24 March 1940, a formal political statement was presented, known as the Lahore Resolution, which called on for the creation of an independent state for Muslims.