Deepavali is one of the oldest Hindu festivals and finds mention in Padma Purana, Skanda Purana and the Katha Upanishads.
The night Diwali is Amavasya, the darkest day of the Autumn season and marks the end of the Hindu lunar month of Ashwin, with the day after being the first day of the month of Kartika.
What remains consistent is the joy and vibrance with which people observe it.
Families decorate their homes with Diyas and Rangoli (elaborate floor designs), while whole communities come together at temples and mandirs to light candles, set off sparklers and fireworks, and remind each other of the light they can create in their own lives.
Women and young girls start creating beautiful Rangoli designs on the floor of their homes and everyone in the evening performs Lakshmi puja.
The diyas remain lit on all days to welcome the goddesses.Over time, there have been different interpretations of various legends and beliefs and today, we see that in different parts of India, the same festival is celebrated with pomp and gusto but with varied interpretation of its origins.Mostly, Diwali is celebrated as a five-day festival, with each region celebrating the festival in their own unique way.During this time, Lord Ram and his brother Lord Laxman fought a fierce battle with the demon King, Ravana of Lanka, who had kidnapped Sita.The battle ended with Ravana being killed by Lord Ram and is seen as a victory of good over evil.He adds that people will also pray to the god Ganesha and the goddess Lakshmi during Diwali, as they're respectively associated with success and wealth.Some Hindus, Trivedi says, view Diwali as the start of the new year, thus the emphasis on prosperity and righteousness.It's no wonder, then, that it's held around one of the darkest times of year, during a new moon to boot.This joyful holiday is meant to bring light into people's lives, and holds the promise of new beginnings.Here is a brief write-up on Diwali that can be used as a reference point by school, or college students. Deepavali in Sanskrit, or Diwali, the more popular name today, is perhaps the most celebrated Hindu festival in India and stands out as a festival of sparkling lights, fun and joy, a time for creative Rangoli decorating each home, and a time for some of the finest delicacies and puja offerings.It is a day when everyone puts on new and colourful clothes, that only adds to the charm and spirit of the festival.