People of many different religions and ethnic groups lived in British India.Many people thought that the country should break into separate countries so that different groups could have their own countries.
He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven with yarn hand-spun on a charkha.
He ate simple vegetarian food, and also undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and political protest.
Gandhi led Indians in challenging the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930, and later in calling for the British to Quit India in 1942.
He was imprisoned for many years, upon many occasions, in both South Africa and India.
mahatma is an honorific meaning "great-soul" or "venerable" in Sanskrit. He is also called Bapu in India (Gujarati endearment for "father", "papa"). Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title of 'Mahatma'.
After he became a lawyer, he went to the British colony of South Africa where he experienced laws that said people with dark skin had fewer rights than people with light skin.
Gandhi wanted independence, but did not want to split into two different countries.
Instead of celebrating on independence day, he was crying over the division of India.
Eschewing the official celebration of independence in Delhi, Gandhi visited the affected areas, attempting to provide solace.
In the months following, he undertook several fasts unto death to stop religious violence.