Essay On Evolution Of Computers

In the last generation keyboards and monitors were invented, in this generation we saw the invention of the mouse, GUI and other features.The usage of microprocessors expanded and in present day, the majority of electronic devices used microprocessors or micro-controllers.

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It made the computers smaller, faster, cheaper and more efficient to run.

The first symbolic languages appeared and the backgrounds of high level programming languages were developed. However, they were still generating a lot of heat which resulted in the damage of sensitive internal parts of the computer.

The era of transistors was short lived because in 1964, integrated circuits became the next great thing in developing semiconductor technology.

Integrated circuits allowed to place miniaturised transistors on silicon chips.

There were many problems with the first generation computers, like many things when they start out.

Essay On Evolution Of Computers

They were very expensive to make and run, slow and had limited application capabilities.In one second, the ENIAC could workout 5,000 additions, 357 multiplications or 38 divisions.Because vacuum tubes are used instead of switches and relays in increases the speed of the calculations, but it took technicians weeks to re-program and the machine required many hours of maintenance – 24 hours a day!You can probably see the modern computer starting to take shape as the evolution of computers goes on.Computers were getting faster and using less energy and money to run and more affordable for the average person to buy.They also generated a lot of heat and used large amounts of electricity, the ENIAC used 160 kilowatts of electrical power!Then in 1956, the second generation of computers hit.The magnetic drum is a metal coated cylinder with magnetic iron-oxide material which stored data and programs.The ENIAC (Electric Numerical Integrator and Computer) was created by John Mauchly and John Presper Eckert.The ENIAC contained 17,468 vacuum tubes, 70,000 resistors, 10,000 capacitors, 1,500 relays, 6,000 manual switches and 5 million soldered joints.It covered 1800 square feet of floor space and weighed 30 tons.

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