According to data in 2005, there are 74 countries that retain the death penalty, 28 who have no executions or convictions for over ten years, 9 that maintain the death penalty for exceptional circumstances and 89 that abolished for all crimes.The death penalty exercises the most primal instinct to kill and extract revenge.They believe that it lowers the value of a human life and brutalizes our society.
There are various kinds of capital punishment prevalent.
Some of the most common are: hanging-when the convicted is put to death by suspension by the neck; electric chair- when the convicted is put to death by strapping him to a chair and electrocuted through electrodes placed on the body; lethal injection-when a lethal drug is injected into the convicted’s blood stream; firing squad-when a person is tied up and blind folded and made to stand against the wall and a couple of gunmen aim fire directly at his heart, and the gas chamber-where the convicted is put in a room with a deadly gas and it spreads across the room.
The United States, Guatemala and most of the Caribbean, the Asia and Africa still have the penalty Death legalized and use it in several cases.
In other countries, however, as Russia has the legal death penalty, but in practices it is not used.
Life imprisonment is not a holiday away from home; the truth is that in some cases, capital punishment may even provide respite from it.
We must, therefore, endeavour to be better humans and abolish capital punishment. The legality and use of the death penalty in the United States of America is a highly controversial issue.Different people have different opinions, of course, which often stem back to morality, cost, or personal judgement.Retentionists claim that the brutality of capital punishment serves a greater purpose than merely putting an end to the convicted person’s life.It creates fear in the minds of those who might be contemplating capital crimes.However, there is no excuse for murder, barring homicide committed in self defence.By killing someone albeit in the name of justice, we are committing a murder far heinous than the one already committed.Among the countries with democratic political systems, the United States and Japan are the only ones that effectively apply the death penalty.In countries like China and Iran and much of the Middle East, the death penalty is applied frequently.Since 1990 there have been over 40 countries that have abolished the death penalty for all crimes.In Africa, Ivory Coast and Liberia; in the Americas, Canada, Mexico and Paraguay; in Asia and the Pacific, Bhutan, Samoa, Turkmenistan and Philippines; in Europe and the Caucasus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Armenia, Serbia, Turkey, Cyprus and Montenegro.