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I am now in a position of emergency defense against your spouse’s Party.
…Now it has gone so far that I have to defend myself hand and foot against people who confuse me with these anti-Semitic canaille; after my own sister, my former sister, and after Widemann more recently have given the impetus to this most dire of all confusions.
After I read the name Zarathustra in the anti-Semitic Correspondence my forbearance came to an end.
Late in his life, Nietzsche suffered a mental breakdown, and was transferred to the care of his sister, Elizabeth Förster-Nietzsche, despite Nietzsche's many falling outs with her.
Elizabeth, along with her husband Bernhard Förster, were virulently anti-Semitic.
He does this to immediately force you, the reader, into a defensive position, where you must think critically in order to defend your beliefs or abandon them.
His exaggerated and often cryptic language forces you to think for yourself, rather than blindly follow him.Nietzsche urges philosophers to acknowledge a crucial fact about ideas: they are historically rooted.Ideas like Christian morality, or the Enlightenment, or Social Darwinism, do not develop in isolation from their historical, political, social, and economic context.So what exactly does a "genealogy" of a concept such as morality look like?Conventional histories and philosophical texts often trace many disparate facets of modern life back to one single event or fundamental principle or trace the linear evolution of a concept over time.Just like John Stuart Mill, Nietzsche is a proponent of Epistemic Relativism, the position that knowledge is valid only relatively to a specific context, society, culture or individual. What are you, after all, my written and painted thoughts! You have already doffed your novelty, and some of you, I fear, are ready to become truths, so immortal do they look, so pathetically honest, so tedious! ( Nietzsche is part philosopher, part psychologist, part comparative linguist, and part historian, but above all he is an artist.He does not present his work as the Truth, nor does he want you to throw away your uncritical beliefs and uncritically accept his.The separation between us is thereby decided in really the most absurd way.Have you grasped nothing of the reason why I am in the world?So much so, in fact, that they even eventually founded a Utopian "Aryan" colony in the Paraguayan jungle called Nueva Germania in 1887 (needless to say, it did not last long.Bernhard committed suicide in 2 years and Elizabeth returned to Germany in 6).