Essay Modernist Architecture

Essay Modernist Architecture-60
He had already developed his architectural vocabulary before the wave of attention paid to Modernist architecture in the ‘30 and ‘40s.The history of modernism, at least in the middle of the 20th century, was written by Europeans for the most part, says Guthrie, and Gill, who was covered by American architecture critics and publications during his career, wasn’t connected with the growing scene overseas.Gill, who was born near Syracuse, New York, in 1870, briefly worked in Chicago during the early years of his career, then settled near San Diego, was well-known during his lifetime for his streamlined forms and flat roofs, but fell out of favor after his death in 1936.

He had already developed his architectural vocabulary before the wave of attention paid to Modernist architecture in the ‘30 and ‘40s.The history of modernism, at least in the middle of the 20th century, was written by Europeans for the most part, says Guthrie, and Gill, who was covered by American architecture critics and publications during his career, wasn’t connected with the growing scene overseas.Gill, who was born near Syracuse, New York, in 1870, briefly worked in Chicago during the early years of his career, then settled near San Diego, was well-known during his lifetime for his streamlined forms and flat roofs, but fell out of favor after his death in 1936.

Gill and the Chicago School,” presents new scholarship connecting American architect Irving Gill’s experience in Chicago with his later designs for “buildings of amazing modernity” in early 20th century California, as well as the broader Modernist movement.Ahead of his time Irving Gill’s work in the 1910’s was ahead of its time.In 1916, he wrote an essay, Home of the Future, that outlined his design philosophies years before many of the pioneering modernists began designing homes and buildings.His philosophy was shaped by the Chicago School ...Gill’s incredible career trajectory includes stops in two areas considered crucibles for American modernism.His first stop was in Chicago, where he worked from 1890 to 1893, including a multi-year stint with Adler & Sullivan during a peak time for this iconic architecture duo.He was surrounded by, and influenced by innovation that would shape modern architecture. Sullivan has been quoted numerous times for his statement about reducing ornamentation in design, a thoroughly modern concept that informed much of his work during Gill’s time in Chicago.“It’s an incredible house.” Gill would describe his homes as Cubist, a reference to the art movement.It may be hard to think of architecture embodying that school of work, but Guthrie says the comparison is apt. “As you move around them, they change shape and proportions, because he was breaking up mass into shapes and cubes.Modernism isn't just another architectural style. It is an evolution in design that first appeared around 1850 — some say it began earlier than that — and continues to this day.The photos presented here illustrate an array of architecture — Expressionism, Constructivism, Bauhaus, Functionalism, International, Desert Midcentury Modernism, Structuralism, Formalism, High-tech, Brutalism, Deconstructivism, Minimalism, De Stijl, Metabolism, Organic, Postmodernism, and Parametricism.

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