I found that anthropologists who had studied children in other types of traditional cultures also wrote about children’s involvement in peer groups as the primary means of their socialization and education (e.g.Lancy is true if interpreted differently from the usual Western interpretation. If child psychologists were actually CHILD psychologists (children), theories of child development would be much less about parents and much more about peers.
I found that anthropologists who had studied children in other types of traditional cultures also wrote about children’s involvement in peer groups as the primary means of their socialization and education (e.g.Lancy is true if interpreted differently from the usual Western interpretation.Tags: Good Thesis Statement On ReligionThesis On Human EvolutionRole Of Students In EssayDoes The Csu Application Require An EssayKnow The College Essay PromptDescartes Essay Method DoubtCbest Essay
In her words (p 161): “The reason it takes a village is not because it requires a quorum of adults to nudge erring youngsters back onto the paths of righteousness.
It takes a village because in a village there are always enough kids to form a play group.” I also realized, as I thought about all this, that my own childhood, in Minnesota and Wisconsin in the 1950s, was in many ways like that of children in traditional societies.
I don’t want to trivialize the roles of adults in children’s lives, but, truth be told, we adults greatly exaggerate our roles in our theories and beliefs about how children develop. Have you ever noticed how your child’s tastes in clothes, music, manner of speech, hobbies, and almost everything else have much more to do with what other children she or he knows are doing or like than what you are doing or like? Children are biologically designed to pay attention to the other children in their lives, to try to fit in with them, to be able to do what they do, to know what they know.
Children are biologically designed to grow up in a culture of childhood.
Whenever we moved, my first big task was to figure out the culture of my new set of peers, so I could become part of it.
I was by nature shy, which I think was an advantage because I didn’t just blunder in and make a fool of myself.In my reading, and in my survey of anthropologists who had lived in such societies, I learned that the children in those societies—from roughly the age of four on through their mid teen years—spent most of their waking time playing and exploring with groups of other children, away from adults (Gray, 2012, also here).They played in age-mixed groups, in which younger children emulated and learned from older ones.Through most of human history, that’s how children became educated, and that’s still largely how children become educated today, despite our misguided attempts to stop it and turn the educating job over to adults.Wherever anthropologists have observed traditional cultures and paid attention to children as well as adults, they’ve observed two cultures, the adults' culture and the children’s culture.They delight in mocking adults and in finding ways to violate rules.For example, when schools make rules about carrying even toy weapons into school, children bring tiny toy guns and plastic knives to school in their pockets and surreptitiously exhibit them to one another, proudly showing how they violated a senseless adult-imposed rule (Corsaso & Eder, 1990).We had school (which was not the big deal it is today) and chores, and some of us had part time jobs, but, still, most of our time was spent with other children away from adults.My family moved frequently, and in each village or city neighborhood to which we moved I found a somewhat different childhood culture, with different games, different traditions, somewhat different values, different ways of making friends.I observed, studied, practiced the skills that I saw to be important to my new peers, and then began cautiously to enter in and make friends.In the mid 20th century, a number of researchers described and documented many of the childhood cultures that could be found in neighborhoods throughout Europe and the United States (e.g. Children learn the most important lessons in life from other children, not from adults.