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This dimension is defined as a degree of framework where society is closely related to their group or not (Hofstede, 1980, 2001). In individualist countries where people are more concerned about their own interest and needs, leaders tend to take credit of their success. Gupta, Hanges & Dorfman (2002) found that United States is clustered in the same group as Australia, New Zealand and England in the Anglo Culture while Japan is in the same group as Korea, China and Taiwan in the Confucian Asia.
This is also related to the responsibility of leaders in each country.
Glinow, Huo and Lowe (1999) assert that pursuing goals and degree of responsibility varies depends on the degree of leaders authoritarianism.
This essay is aimed to compare and contrast the western approach to leadership represented by United States and the eastern approach to leadership represented by Japan by using Hofstede’s five dimension of culture as the factor of comparison. Role Perceptions, Personal Traits, Lifestyles and Leadership: an Empirical Study of American, Japanese, and Taiwanese Female Managers.
The essay will first explain the culture and its dimensions and then followed by the detailed description of each dimension by comparing both United States and Japan in each section.
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Essay Compare And Contrast Leadership Theories
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Compared to the countries where collectivism is more valued the credit of success goes to the group. The end of Japanese-style human resource management.
This is similar to the argument of Yan and Hunt’s (2005) argument where: “Individualistic cultures, such as the U. Culture’s consequences for leadership behavior: National values in action.
However it is important to note that the culture dimension of Hofstede is only a general perspective of a country’s culture. Journal of International Business Studies, 29, 159-177.
Luthans and Doh (2009) define culture as a system that is integrated into the society where the accumulated experience of behavior and characteristics of the members is the foundation.