A healthy limit for drinking is usually no more than 2 drinks (3 units of alcohol) a day for men and 1 drink (2 units) a day for women.
Heavy drinking can lead to many serious health conditions.
Binge drinking can cause immediate problems such as acute intoxication, nausea and vomiting, blurred vision, impaired judgment and alcohol poisoning.
Public health efforts to minimise the dangers of both smoking and drinking may significantly improve the well-being of society.
It is important to realise that quitting smoking can improve your quality of life – physically, emotionally and financially.
For people who drink too much, alcohol tolerance can lead to false reassurance that they are drinking within limits, since they do not feel drunk.
Health benefits of reducing alcohol intake include weight loss, a reduced risk of many forms of cancer, less anxiety, clearer skin, no hangovers and better self-esteem.As smoking is also common among alcohol drinkers, and smokers and drinkers frequently share similar behavioural and lifestyle patterns, it is currently unclear whether it is the combined or independent effects of smoking and alcohol that greatly raises cardiovascular risk.Nonetheless, the health problems associated with excessive smoking and drinking are extensive.Dr Stanley Chia, cardiologist at Mount Elizabeth Hospitals, explains the effects of smoking and drinking on our health.Growing up, many children may view drinking and smoking as privileges of adults and therefore ‘cool’ activities to engage in.Smokers who quit smoking with support are more likely to succeed than those who do it on their own.Hence, it is helpful for those trying to stop to consult a health professional on engage a smoking cessation programme.Cigarettes contain more than 4,000 chemical compounds and 400 toxic chemicals that include tar, carbon monoxide, DDT, arsenic and formaldehyde.The nicotine in cigarettes, in particular, makes them highly addictive.It can also raise our blood pressure and cholesterol levels, reduce bone density in women and increase the risk of infertility, preterm delivery, stillbirth and sudden infant death syndrome.Most people like to have a drink or two, be it beer, wine or spirits.