Easter Island Research Papers

Easter Island Research Papers-16
Lars Fehren-Schmitz, associate professor of anthropology at UC Santa Cruz, presents his findings in a new paper published in the Oct. The team analyzed bone fragments from the ancient skeletal remains of five individuals that were excavated in the 1980s and became part of the Kon-Tiki Museum's collection in Oslo.Each sample, which had been used in a previous study, yielded less than 200 milligrams of material.Evidence from historical accounts of European visitors to the island verified this was also true at the time the early inhabitants lived.

Lars Fehren-Schmitz, associate professor of anthropology at UC Santa Cruz, presents his findings in a new paper published in the Oct. The team analyzed bone fragments from the ancient skeletal remains of five individuals that were excavated in the 1980s and became part of the Kon-Tiki Museum's collection in Oslo.Each sample, which had been used in a previous study, yielded less than 200 milligrams of material.Evidence from historical accounts of European visitors to the island verified this was also true at the time the early inhabitants lived.

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Lipo and his team are heading back to Easter Island in May for more field work, since thus far they have only collected comprehensive freshwater data for the western portion of the island.

A complete survey will hopefully shed even more light on why the inhabitants of Rapa Nui invested so much time and effort into building the .

on Easter Island for decades, pondering their cultural significance, as well as how a Stone Age culture managed to carve and transport statues weighing as much as 92 tons.

They were typically mounted on platforms called ; they were likely being transported and never got to their destination.

"We may never get a [definitive] answer, because people had a lot of reasons for making statues," said Lipo. But once we start to see the constraints of the resources, we start to see that communities are tied to those local resources.

Easter Island is famous for its monumental moai sculptures, and for questions about how and when the island became inhabited--and by whom.Three individuals lived prior to European contact, and two lived after."We found no evidence of gene flow between the inhabitants of Easter Island and South America," said Fehren-Schmitz. There's a lot of evidence that seems plausible, so we were convinced we would find direct evidence of pre-European contact with South America, but it wasn't there." Questions surrounding Pacific islanders' contact with South Americans are hotly debated among anthropologists.New research by Lars Fehren-Schmitz, associate professor of anthropology, sheds light on those questions.(Top photo by Terry Hunt; photo of Fehren-Schmitz by Carolyn Lagattuta.)Easter Island is a place of mystery that has captured the public imagination.Back in 2012, Lipo and his colleague, Terry Hunt of the University of Arizona, showed that you could transport a ten-foot, five-ton ; those can weigh up to 13 tons.He suggested the inhabitants used ropes to roll the hats up a ramp.' src="https://cdn.arstechnica.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/easter3-640x381.jpg" width="640" height="381" srcset="https://cdn.arstechnica.net/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/easter32x" alt='Top left) Rapa Nui in East Polynesia, (top right) locations of image- While working in Hawaii with a hydrogeologist, Lipo realized that fresh water is such a precious resource on an island, it can't help but have an impact on where people settle—and where they might place their statuary.The volcanic islands of Hawaii have an unusual feature, where fresh water flows down through the volcanic tubes into the ocean.An earlier study found genetic traces of early inhabitants of the Americas in present-day indigenous residents of Easter Island.Those researchers posited that the intermixing most likely occurred between 12.

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