Durkheim And Law Essays

As Durkheim indicated in several essays, it was in Leipzig that he learned to appreciate the value of empiricism and its language of concrete, complex things, in sharp contrast to the more abstract, clear and simple ideas of the Cartesian method.From this position Durkheim helped reform the French school system and introduced the study of social science in its curriculum. Durkheim's interest in social phenomena was spurred on by politics.Using the framework of Durkheim's Law of Social Gravity in the context of the suicide phenomenon, this paper discusses the relevance of the social theorist's discourse about society and social dynamics and its relationship with the individual.

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In his view, social science should be purely holistic; that is, sociology should study phenomena attributed to society at large, rather than being limited to the specific actions of individuals.

He remained a dominant force in French intellectual life until his death in 1917, presenting numerous lectures and published works on a variety of topics, including the sociology of knowledge, morality, social stratification, religion, law, education, and deviance.

In 1895, he published The Rules of Sociological Method and set up the first European department of sociology, becoming France's first professor of sociology.

In 1898, he established the journal L'Année Sociologique.

He formally established the academic discipline and—with W. Much of Durkheim's work was concerned with how societies could maintain their integrity and coherence in modernity, an era in which traditional social and religious ties are no longer assumed, and in which new social institutions have come into being.

His first major sociological work was The Division of Labour in Society (1893).Access to society journal content varies across our titles.If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box.Contact us if you experience any difficulty logging in.Immanuel Kant, René Descartes, Plato, Herbert Spencer, Aristotle, Montesquieu, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Auguste Comte.He uses both sociology and anthropology in illustrating this point, and other viewpoints regarding the issue of social integration and disintegration in his discussion of the suicide phenomenon.In proving his stance that social solidarity plays an essential role as a process that encourages people to integrate themselves and be included within groups in the society, he proposes the Law of Social Gravity, which centers on social integration, solidarity, and interaction of people in the society.During the 19th century, the field of social sciences has been introduced with the revolutionary ideas of a French social theorist in the person of Emile Durkheim, author of the well-known discourse on social integration and solidarity, "Suicide: A Study in Sociology." In this discourse, Durkheim illustrates suicide as a phenomenon where the process of social integration and disintegration is evident.Using the scientific method tradition in studying this phenomenon, Durkheim posits that "social structures of high intensity prevent the individual from killing him/herself" (Collins, 194).Durkheim was also deeply preoccupied with the acceptance of sociology as a legitimate science.He refined the positivism originally set forth by Auguste Comte, promoting what could be considered as a form of epistemological realism, as well as the use of the hypothetico-deductive model in social science.


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