Methodological Review A review does not always focus on what someone said [findings], but how they came about saying what they say [method of analysis].Reviewing methods of analysis provides a framework of understanding at different levels [i.e.First, there are the primary studies that researchers conduct and publish.
Third, there are the perceptions, conclusions, opinion, and interpretations that are shared informally that become part of the lore of field.
In composing a literature review, it is important to note that it is often this third layer of knowledge that is cited as "true" even though it often has only a loose relationship to the primary studies and secondary literature reviews.
This is the most common form of review in the social sciences.
Historical Review Few things rest in isolation from historical precedent.
If your assignment is not very specific about what form your literature review should take, seek clarification from your professor by asking these questions: 1. The bibliography or reference section of sources you've already read are also excellent entry points into your own research.
The narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to obtain a good survey of relevant resources.
The purpose is to develop a body of literature that establishes a contrarian viewpoint.
Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e.g., educational reform; immigration control], argumentative approaches to analyzing the literature can be a legitimate and important form of discourse.
Historical literature reviews focus on examining research throughout a period of time, often starting with the first time an issue, concept, theory, phenomena emerged in the literature, then tracing its evolution within the scholarship of a discipline.
The purpose is to place research in a historical context to show familiarity with state-of-the-art developments and to identify the likely directions for future research.