In other words, the survey method offers the potential for an in-depth understanding of the problem of delays in construction and the potential to find a solution through detailed investigation of the causal factors.
Bryman and Bell (2011) imply that archival study could add value to this discourse on delays, as it entails examining past performance and trends to predict future performance. Sample Undergraduate 2:1 Construction Dissertation Proposal [Internet]. [Accessed 7 September 2019]; Available from: https://
The review focuses on the extent of delays in the industry and provides an overview of the impacts of these delays.
Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) suggest that as a whole, construction projects are delivered “on time or better 41% of the time”, although this figure varies each year as shown in Figure 2.1 (Glenigan 2016, p.8). Time Predictability in Construction 2008-2016 (Glenigan 2016, p.8).
It is argued that the result of these issues is that projects are typically delivered late and over-budget, which has a negative impact on the relationship with clients, profitability and the reputation of the industry (Arashpour and Arashpour 2015; Larsen et al., 2015).
Furthermore it is submitted that this also affects the value-added by the industry to clients and to society (HM Government 2013; Egan 1998).It is argued that the impacts of delay include poor levels of client satisfaction and reduced profitability (Fulford and Standing 2014).Poor time management on a project can have a knock-on impact on costs and quality, as delays are typically associated with increased costs and can adversely affect quality if workers are under-pressure to make good the time lost (Harris and Mc Caffer 2013).Meng (2012) expands the argument, taking the view that delays can lead to conflict over the cause of the delay with Hughes et al., (2015) adding that delays affect the contract and result in disputes over the party who should assume responsibility for such costs.There are general agreement that delays in the construction industry are linked to high levels of fragmentation (Alashwal and Fong 2015), disjointed project delivery with low levels of collaboration (Fulford and Standing 2014) and the use of competitive procurement and reliance on sub-contracting (Hartmann and Caerteling 2010).HM Government (2013) also recognises the fact that this industry contributes to the level of inward investment in this country with significant additional potential to enhance income from exports.However the industry has also been criticised for underperforming, with low levels of productivity and a variable service offered to industry clients (HM Government 2013; Latham 1994; Egan 1998).These include There are a range of research strategies which could be used to answer these questions including case study research which Naoum (2012) argues provides a flexible approach to research, enabling the researcher to consider the problem of and solution to delays from a range of perspectives in the industry.Fellows and Liu (2015, p.23) takes the view that a case study allows the research to ask how and why questions, whereas a survey expands the study to who, what, where and how much.It is clear from the above figure that over the past decade, delays during the construction stage of a project’s life cycle have had a detrimental impact on overall project performance (Glenigan 2016). (2012) argue that low levels of productivity are indicative of inefficiencies in the industry, adding that these inefficiencies are manifested as delays in construction.HM Government (2013) agree, suggesting that the industry needs to improve its performance in terms of the time (and cost) of project delivery.