Your Discussion and Conclusions sections should answer the question: What do your results mean?
In other words, the majority of the Discussion and Conclusions sections should be an interpretation of your results.
Without a discussion, the evidence reported in a research paper is not exactly meaningless, but readers are left to draw their own conclusions, valid or otherwise, about its meaning and value.
In a research paper discussion, the author, who is necessarily more informed about the topic than most readers are, has the opportunity to discuss his or her thoughts about the findings and their implications.
Could your findings have an effect on how practitioners do their jobs?
Might your findings affect other aspects of human lives such as healthcare, politics or education?
You need to tell readers exactly why your discoveries are meaningful and valuable; to answer the question(s) or resolve the problem(s) outlined in the paper’s introduction; to demonstrate precisely how your findings fill any gaps in current knowledge that you exposed in the literature review.
Take the time to ponder and analyse your evidence from as many angles as possible, considering alternative interpretations and explanations as well as your main points.3.
Comparing and contrasting the evidence and results produced by other investigators with your own findings can clarify and deepen your understanding of your research and its unique contribution to knowledge in your field.
Certainly this approach will speak to fellow researchers, university instructors and peer reviewers in the kind of scholarly language they understand.