(Mc KEW, 2002) Australia had prohibited human cloning (2002), however in December 2006, a bill was passed in the House of Representatives authorising therapeutic cloning and the creation of human embryos for stem cell research (2002).The utilitarian principle is based on undertaking actions or decisions where the net social benefit is maximised.
The colloquial term "designer baby" refers to a baby whose genetic makeup has been artificially selected by genetic engineering combined with in vitro fertilization to ensure the presence or absence of particular genes or characteristics.
- wikipedia In simpler terms, using biotechnology to choose what type of baby you want.
Furthermore the report will also detail some viewpoints on moral law and pose the question: “can virtue be genetically modified?
” Viewpoints of other researchers such as Matti Hayry and Larry Arnhart are included for further debate and discussion on this topic.
(Kleiner, 2009) Currently there are two types of cell and gene therapies; somatic and germ-line.
Somatic cells are cells that already exist in the human body whereas; Germ-line cells are referred to as cells that are found in eggs or in sperm.
These include Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia.
In the remaining states, the decisions are left solely to the ethics committee within the institution.
The possibility of perfecting the human gene is very exciting but can also be very alarming.
For example you could determine the potential of your child’s future by specifying their gender, skin, eye and hair colour as well as their level of intelligence.