The abstract comes at the beginning of your report but is written at the end.
The abstract provides a concise and comprehensive summary of a research report.
USE THE FOLLOWING SUBHEADING: State the experimental design, the independent variable label and name the different conditions/levels. Identify the target population (refer to a geographic location) and type of sample. Make sure the results are presented clearly and concisely. If the study has found a reliable effect be very careful suggesting limitations as you are doubting your results.
Name the dependent variables and make sure it's operationalized. A table can be used to display descriptive statistics if this makes the data easier to understand. • Outline your findings in plain English (no statistical jargon) and relate your results to your hypothesis, e.g. • Compare you results to background materials from the introduction section. Unless you can think of any confounding variable that can explain the results instead of the IV, it would be advisable to leave the section out.
• The final sentence(s) outline the studies 'contribution to knowledge' within the literature. Mention implications of your findings if appropriate.• Start with general theory, briefly introducing the topic.• Narrow down to specific and relevant theory and research.
Two or three studies is sufficient.• There should be a logical progression of ideas which aids the flow of the report.
If you're already on Patreon, consider a donation!
If you're not on Patreon yet, I can't explain how much fun it is.
This means the studies outlined should lead logically into your aims and hypotheses.• Do be concise and selective, avoid the temptation to include anything in case it is relevant (i.e.
don't write a shopping list of studies).• Don’t turn this introduction into an essay.• Don’t spell out all the details of a piece of research unless it is one you are replicating.• Do include any relevant critical comment on research, but take care that your aims remain consistent with the literature review. You do not need to include wholesale replication of materials – instead include a ‘sensible’ (illustrate) level of detail.