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Attempting to solve the dilemma of whether dark matter exists and, if so, what it consists of is of great importance to the scientific world.
However, where MOND tunes the theory to match the observations, Verlinde's theory starts from first principles.
"A totally different starting point," according to Verlinde.
Adapting the holographic principle One of the ingredients in Verlinde's theory is an adaptation of the holographic principle, introduced by his tutor Gerard 't Hooft (Nobel Prize 1999, Utrecht University) and Leonard Susskind (Stanford University).
According to the holographic principle, all the information in the entire universe can be described on a giant imaginary sphere around it.
"We have evidence that this new view of gravity actually agrees with the observations, " says Verlinde.
"At large scales, it seems, gravity just doesn't behave the way Einstein's theory predicts." At first glance, Verlinde's theory presents features similar to modified theories of gravity like MOND (modified Newtonian Dynamics, Mordehai Milgrom (1983)).
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There are many theories and predictions among scientists to describe and explain the universe and its contents.
Investigating the effects of this additional information on ordinary matter, Verlinde comes to a stunning conclusion.
Whereas ordinary gravity can be encoded using the information on the imaginary sphere around the universe, as he showed in his 2010 work, the result of the additional information in the bulk of space is a force that nicely matches that attributed to dark matter.