Mythological Criticism Critics look for the recurrent universal patterns underlying most literary works.A central concept in mythological criticism is the archetype, a symbol, character, situation, or image that evokes a deep universal response.Psychological Criticism Critics view literature through the lens of modern psychology, exploring human behavior (conscious, subconscious and unconscious), literary language and symbolism.
) New Criticism A theory that is not concerned with context -- historical, biographical, intellectual; not interested in the intent, affect or meaning of the author or the reader-response reaction of the reader.
It is solely concerned with the text itself -- its language and organization; how the text speaks for itself.
Studying the particular period of history during which a piece of literature was written could give the reader the necessary background on that writer’s point of view and his influences.
Biographical Criticism examines an author's life history in order to gain insight into his literary work.
Critic Joseph Campbell identified archetypal symbols and situations in literary works by demonstrated how similar mythic characters appear in virtually every culture on every continent.
Eco-criticism Based on an ecological perspective, eco-criticism investigates the relationship between humans and the natural world.Marxist criticism often explores the ideological content of literature.Even if a work of art ignores political issues, it makes a political statement, Marxist critics believe, because it endorses the economic and political status quo, thereby illustrating the principles of class struggle.Your grade will be based on the thoroughness of your analysis, the strength of your quotes/examples, and your thoughtfulness and openmindedness!You may write more than the 1000 word minimum, Literary theory (choose to from the list below for the analysis!Sociological Criticism examines literature in the cultural, economic and political context in which it is written or received, and explores the relationship between artist and society.Marxist Criticism A form of sociological criticism which focuses on the economic and political elements of art.The idea of the archetype came into literary criticism from the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung.Jung believed that all individuals share a "collective unconscious," a set of primal memories common to the human race, existing below each person's conscious mind.The action takes place in Pittsburgh in 1936 at the house of a family of African-Americans who have migrated from Mississippi.The conflict centers around a piano that was once traded by the family's white master for two of the family's ancestors.