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Astute observers, however, correctly discerned the identities of Hamilton, Madison, and Jay.Establishing authorial authenticity of the essays that comprise The Federalist Papers has not always been clear.
New essays continued to appear in the newspapers; Federalist No.
77 was the last number to appear first in that form, on April 2. In 1802, George Hopkins published an American edition that similarly named the authors.
After Alexander Hamilton died in 1804, a list emerged, claiming that he alone had written two-thirds of The Federalist essays.
Some believe that several of these essays were written by James Madison (Nos. The scholarly detective work of Douglass Adair in 1944 postulated the following assignments of authorship, corroborated in 1964 by a computer analysis of the text: In six months, a total of 85 articles were written by the three men.
The first 77 of these essays were published serially in the Independent Journal, the New York Packet, and The Daily Advertiser between October 1787 and April 1788. The authors of The Federalist intended to influence the voters to ratify the Constitution. 1, they explicitly set that debate in broad political terms: It has been frequently remarked, that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not, of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend, for their political constitutions, on accident and force. 10 is generally regarded as the most important of the 85 articles from a philosophical perspective.
A two-volume compilation of these 77 essays and eight others was published in two volumes as The Federalist: A Collection of Essays, Written in Favour of the New Constitution, as Agreed upon by the Federal Convention, September 17, 1787 by publishing firm J. In it, Madison discusses the means of preventing rule by majority faction and advocates a large, commercial republic. 14, in which Madison takes the measure of the United States, declares it appropriate for an extended republic, and concludes with a memorable defense of the constitutional and political creativity of the Federal Convention. 84, Hamilton makes the case that there is no need to amend the Constitution by adding a Bill of Rights, insisting that the various provisions in the proposed Constitution protecting liberty amount to a "bill of rights". 78, also written by Hamilton, lays the groundwork for the doctrine of judicial review by federal courts of federal legislation or executive acts. 70 presents Hamilton's case for a one-man chief executive. 39, Madison presents the clearest exposition of what has come to be called "Federalism". 51, Madison distills arguments for checks and balances in an essay often quoted for its justification of government as "the greatest of all reflections on human nature." According to historian Richard B.
Both Hopkins's and Gideon's editions incorporated significant edits to the text of the papers themselves, generally with the approval of the authors.
In 1863, Henry Dawson published an edition containing the original text of the papers, arguing that they should be preserved as they were written in that particular historical moment, not as edited by the authors years later.
The Federalist Papers is a collection of 85 articles and essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay under the pseudonym "Publius" to promote the ratification of the United States Constitution.
The collection was commonly known as The Federalist until the name The Federalist Papers emerged in the 20th century. 78–85) were republished in the New York newspapers between June 14 and August 16, 1788.