Originally the average consumption quantity per head should be 120-280 g per day, whereas due to the loss of produce it has decreased to an average consumption quantity of 90-190 g per head in a day.This situation threatens the food and nutrition security of the people in the country.
Under such circumstances, cold storage becomes an integral aspect of the post-harvest management techniques.
The losses that can occur by not storing the produce under proper conditions can be avoided using a cold storage.
Storing farmed products enhances their shelf life and also facilitates continuous supply of produce in the market.
The cold storage method stabilizes the price of the product, provides equal distribution and marketing of the product.
India produces large quantities of fruits (11.36%) and vegetables (14.04%) on the global scale, but there is less motivation for storing the produce.
Therefore the loss due to inefficient post-harvest management (cold storage) is estimated around 133 billion rupees per year.The warehouse commanded a .5 million investment from Kroger and has 105 loading docks to support Kroger's 120 stores in the state of Michigan.In October, Walmart announced a new high-tech warehouse facility focused on fresh and frozen grocery slated to open in 2020.As a testament to the complexity, 79% of cold storage capacity is outsourced by food producers, according to U. Another limiting factor for cold storage facilities is going to be finding space, especially in densely populated cities where online grocery demand is particularly high.Builders will have to get creative to adapt new cold storage facilities to fit available real estate in the metro areas that need them.The present requirement for cold storage facility is around 61 million tonnes in India for both vegetables and fruits, but the availability of storage now in India is just around 26.85 million tonnes.The non-availability of storage space has resulted in loss of productivity, which is increasing gradually.The cost of construction and the need for more sophisticated technology to power warehouses require a deep pocketbook and a long construction timeline as well, according to the report.Last year, CBRE reported that the average cost to build a cold storage facility is 40% higher than building dry warehouse space. Only 21% of cold storage facilities are managed in-house.Amazon’s Whole Foods acquisition also increased its cold storage, giving the retailer access to cold space within 10 miles of roughly 80% of the population due to the store locations being in or near major city centers.Kroger and Penske Logistics just announced the opening of a 606,000-square-foot food distribution facility comprised primarily of refrigerators and freezers, according to Crain's Detroit Business.