An important, and for many people troubling question arose: if the cloning of sheep is possible, will scientists soon start cloning humans as well; and if they did, would this be wrong or unwise?
An important, and for many people troubling question arose: if the cloning of sheep is possible, will scientists soon start cloning humans as well; and if they did, would this be wrong or unwise?Tags: The Action Research DissertationResearch Paper Topics On MusicWriting An Analytical Research PaperEssays On Plate TectonicsIntermediate Economics Model PapersMiddle School Creative Writing Unit
Only a small minority thought it was permissible, or even morally obligatory to conduct further research into human reproductive cloning.The researchers’ paper, published online in the science journal Cell, And yet no such debate has materialized. Congress held a series of hearings on the ethics of cloning, a federal bioethics commission was charged with making “every effort to consult with ethicists, theologians, scientists, physicians, and other citizens” to address the ethical and legal implications of the Dolly breakthrough, The United Nations General Assembly in 2005 adopted a declaration calling on its member nations to “prohibit all forms of human cloning inasmuch as they are incompatible with human dignity and the protection of human life.” Today, these passionate and proactive debates regarding both the extraordinary hopes for and the deep moral anxieties about human cloning have all but disappeared from the public discourse — a failing this report is intended to help rectify.While news of the Oregon cloning breakthrough was widely reported, very few publications offered editorials or op-eds discussing its implications; radio, television, and Internet outlets produced nearly no in-depth analyses or panel discussions; and policymakers stayed almost entirely silent. As human cloning has arrived on our doorstep, we need now more than ever to discuss the ethical problems it raises and to develop a plausible political and legal approach to address those problems.Dolly the sheep, the first mammal cloned from a somatic (body) cell, came into the world innocent as a lamb.However, soon after the announcement of her birth in February 1997 (Wilmut et al., 1997) she caused panic and controversy.Clinton, “Remarks Announcing the Prohibition on Federal Funding for Cloning of Human Beings and an Exchange With Reporters,” Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: William J.Clinton (1997, Book I), March 4, 1997, Washington, D.SCNT involves transferring the nucleus of a somatic cell into an oocyte from which the nucleus and thus most of the DNA has been removed.(The mitochondrial DNA in the cytoplasm is still present).Contrast this muted response to the public reaction following researcher Ian Wilmut’s 1997 announcement that he and his colleagues had used nuclear transfer to create Dolly, the first cloned mammal.  Mitalipov’s discovery was featured by the editors of Nature in their top-ten list of 2013 discoveries, and was among the contenders for Science magazine’s breakthrough of the year.“365 days: Nature’s 10,” Nature 504 (December 19, 2013): 357 – 365, “Human Cloning at Last,” Science 342, no.