Birth rates, however, have fallen slightly from crude figures of population to population between 20 (The World Bank, 2014).However, given the size of the population this still represents a large number of births.For the purposes of this discussion youth will be considered to be the stage of life involving transition into adulthood: approximately age 15 to 25.
In order to consider the role of youths in India it is helpful to first consider the overall situation in India as this provides the context in which young people are growing up.
There are two areas in particular to consider: the transition towards being a developed country and the changes in population.
This perception differs from the views of young people and indeed the structure of society in general that exists in the West.
Western perceptions do place young people in a strong position but, possibly due to a substantially longer life expectancy, there is a less dismissive view of older people, certainly in respect of those of working age.
The population in 2012 was estimated to be 1.22 billion.
Change In Society Essay
In line with world trends life expectancy has also increased in India from 62.3 years for males and 63.9 years for females in 2001-2005 to 67.3 years and 69.6 years respectively in 2011-2015.Each age group in society has its own role and this is important in many different ways.Youth as a description of a sector of society has many definitions depending on the perspective being used.India has made great strides in technology and other areas, including the space programme.However, much of the country remains unaffected by such developments and there is still much to be done to create an inclusive society where the living conditions for the whole population are brought up to an acceptable level and absolute poverty is eradicated.However, there are also good role models such as the first Indian-born woman to go into space, Kalpana Chawla, that show what can be achieved by Indian people male or female.Young people in India are considered to be vitally important as they will bring new ideas and developments to improve their country where older people are viewed as unable to be innovative or deal with new ideas.One health issue that is also particularly important is HIV/AIDS as there are estimated to be 2.4 million people in India living with the condition (Med India, 2014).These are some of the key elements that affect India at present and which overarch the role of young people in society.The youth of India make up approximately a quarter of the population and thus represent a substantial sector of society (Adlakha, 2014).The environment in which they are living is very different to that which was experienced by their parents.