Case Study On Autism-Occupational Therapy

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This is often the case because people with autism can also have an intellectual or developmental disability (IDD).

If there is an IDD present, the person will need to focus on a different set of skills than if there were no IDD present.

Children with autism all have difficulties in social interactions and communication; however, depending on the disorder, there can be variation in the symptoms present.

Pervasive Developmental Disorders is a mild form of autism and “a child with PDD-NOS does not meet the criteria for any other specific PDD/ASD.” (Boyse).

A person with Asperger Syndrome has “normal intelligence and language development, but also some autistic-like traits” (Boyse).

Some of these autistic-like behaviors are trouble understanding social cues and needing a structured routine.Some of the more prevalent treatment options are speech therapy, play therapy, occupational therapy, and sometimes medication.Art therapy, a less common treatment option, is just as effective and can benefit a person with autism by providing coping skills and sensory stimulation. This article presents a case report of a child with poor sensory processing and describes the disorder’s impact on the child’s occupational behavior and the changes in occupational performance during 10 months of occupational therapy using a sensory integrative approach (OT-SI). Retrospective chart review of assessment data and analysis of parent interview data are reviewed.Progress toward goals and objectives is measured using goal attainment scaling.A person on the ASD will be diagnosed with having one of those disorders.The treatment option will be different for every person with autism because there are multiple types of autism and each comes with its own set of symptoms that need treatment.The goal behind art therapy is to promote self-expression and growth.By using art therapy as an early intervention tool, children with autism can receive sensory stimulation, skills to communicate, and develop fine motor skills.Early interventions should focus on the skills that are lacking in normal development.This will focus on language development, social skills, abstract ideas such as pretend play, and any other developmental marks that the child is lacking in (“Autism Spectrum Disorder”).

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