Androstenedione and testosterone, hormones that stimulate libido, were three to five times higher than normal.
When stressed, they produced less of the primary stress hormone cortisol, as their bodies had learned to adapt to ongoing stress.
The investigators found that by late adolescence, half of them had been diagnosed with mental health disorders such as anxiety, depression, and PTSD.
They were unable to form healthy emotional bonds with teachers, peers, and caregivers. Our brains are constantly building new neural pathways, a process known as “neurogenesis.” When we’re learning to play the oboe, improve our golf swing, court a new lover, or learn French, this works to our advantage.
After each of the major conflicts of the past 200 years, there has been a wave of awareness about PTSD.
Perhaps the first identifiable wave in the United States occurred after the Civil War ended in 1864.
Yet they also give us insights into normal human development by illustrating what happens when that development is interrupted by shattering events.
Recent studies even show that most cases of PTSD can be cured by EMDR (Eye Movement Reprocessing and Desensitization), EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques), and other therapies that include physical stimulation.
In 1932, at the depths of the Great Depression, about 20,000 destitute veterans and their family members converged on Washington DC in an effort to pressure the government into paying their long-delayed bonuses.
They set up a shantytown and became increasingly insistent in their demands.