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As I am a history student, who also happens to have a long family history of military involvement, as well as being born in Australia, I could have told you a thing or two about Gallipoli; why it was important when the campaign took place, and why it ultimately failed.
Here they would be able to plan on how to get Turkey out of war.
The attempt, however, failed terribly due to the resistance by the Turkish.
No Australian can think about war and not conjure up images of dirty, weary Anzacs (members of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) fighting up hot, dusty slopes to reach the Turks above.
Many Australians with only a little interest in history or the First World War could tell you of the successive waves of young Australians being mown down at the Nek, much the same as the 'Pals Battalions' were mown down at the mercy of the German machine guns at the Somme almost a year later, while the English sat at Suvla Bay 'drinking tea'.
In the early 1915 Russia requested for support from Britain to confront an invasion of Turkey.
The allies of Russia that is British and French troops together with the Australian and New Zealand Army corpperformed a naval attack on Ottoman Empire at a place called Dardanelles strait.The allies also lacked adequate knowledge of the terrains of the Ottoman Empire.The Gallipoli campaign became very famous for various reasons.The attack was followed by an important land invasion on April 25th.Dardanelles was a strait at the northern bank and provided a sea route to the Russian empire.The Ottoman Empire had entered into war by 1914 and sided with the Central powers; Germany and Austria-Hungary.At that time, Turkey was fighting against the Russian empire.This war formed the foundation for the Turkish nationals to fight for the independence of their country and eventually the declaration of Turkey as a Republic.It also created a sense of national consciousness in Australian and New Zealand citizens.It is estimated that about 130000 soldiers died in this war.87 soldiers were from Australia and New Zealand respectively.This could be the reason these two countries mark that day of invasion on 25th April every year.