The players on the team at bat attempt to score runs by circling or completing a tour of the four bases set at the corners of the square-shaped baseball diamond.
A player bats at home plate and must proceed counterclockwise to first base, second base, third base, and back home to score a run.
The opposing teams switch back and forth between batting and fielding; the batting team's turn to bat is over once the fielding team records three outs.
One turn batting for each team constitutes an inning.
The fielding team tries to prevent runs by getting batters or runners "out", which forces them out of the field of play.
Both the pitcher and fielders have methods of getting the batting team's players out.A run is scored when a runner legally advances around the bases in order and touches home plate (the place where the player started as a batter).The team that scores the most runs by the end of the game is the winner.If the score of the game is tied after nine innings, extra innings are played to resolve the contest.Many amateur games, particularly unorganized ones, involve different numbers of players and innings.This game was brought by immigrants to North America, where the modern version developed.By the late 19th century, baseball was widely recognized as the national sport of the United States.The first objective of the batting team is to have a player reach first base safely.A player on the batting team who reaches first base without being called "out" can attempt to advance to subsequent bases as a runner, either immediately or during teammates' turns batting.Baseball is popular in North America and parts of Central and South America, the Caribbean, and East Asia, particularly in Japan and South Korea.In the United States and Canada, professional Major League Baseball (MLB) teams are divided into the National League (NL) and American League (AL), each with three divisions: East, West, and Central.