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The researchers believe that the doll itself trumps the role or career aspirations suggested by its costume."It's sobering that a few minutes of play with Barbie had an immediate impact on the number of careers that girls saw as possible for themselves" Zurbriggen said.
"But girls who play with her may not apply these possibilities to themselves." Sherman suggests that Barbie and similar dolls are part of the burden of early and inappropriate sexuality placed on girls.
“Something about the type of doll, not characteristics of the participants, causes the difference in career aspirations,” she said.
Some people are of the opinion that Barbie can be regarded as a woman who has many choices.
Young women idolized her as a source of inspiration.
It is an adult female doll which is actually a plastic figure, molded in the form of a human being and is basically for children’s playing purpose.
The clothes and physical features of these dolls are a reflection of the American society.
Sherman and Zurbriggen used girls’ dolls play to study the impact of gender role socialization, a process through which children learn to abide by culturally prescribed norms and which perpetuates gender stereotypical behavior.
Thirty-seven girls between four to seven years old from an Oregon college town were randomly assigned to play for five minutes with either a sexualized Doctor Barbie or Fashion Barbie doll, or with more a more neutral Mrs. The girls were then shown photographs of 10 occupations and asked how many they themselves or boys could do in the future.
From the time of its existence till today, the Barbie doll has taken on many professions like a doctor, dentist, paleontologist, firefighter and many others.
Barbie was made as a symbol of perfection with no defects.