In 1973 Egypt and Syria attacked an overconfident Israel.
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An uneasy peace was maintained for 18 years punctuated by violence terrorism and a war with Egypt in 1956, caled the Sinai Campaign, until 1967.
That year after the Straits of Tiran was closed to Israeli shipping and Egyptian troops massed on Israel's borders, Israel launched a preemptive strike that began the Six-Day War.
That visit was used as an excuse for the Palestinians to resort to violence.
That violence became known as the Second Intifada, and included repeated suicide bombings on Israeli buses, restaurants and other public faces.
It called for reaching a final accord within seven years. After the assassination of Israeli Prime Minister Rabin, a series of bombing in Jerusalem convinced many Israelis that peace was unlikely and they voted in Israeli opposition leader Prime Minister Netanyahu. At that meeting Barak offered to give up almost all of the West Bank That conference broke down over two central points- The Right of Return of Palestinian refugees to their pre 1948 homes, something which Israel has claimed would ultimately result in the creation of two Palestinian states and the question of who would control the mount.
To Jews the mount represents the location of the First and Second Temples.
To Muslims it is the third most holy site in Islam.
Following the breakdown of talks the Israeli opposition leader of the time Ariel Sharon visited the Temple Mount.