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He also suggested that because critical thinkers possess curiosity and skepticism, they are more likely to be motivated to provide solutions that resolve contradictions.For a number of years, dental educators thought teaching problem-solving skills was akin to teaching critical thinking skills.
Ennis asserts that to help students develop critical thinking skills, teachers must understand the cognitive processes that constitute critical thinking and use instructional activities that will develop these processes.
He recommends instructors teach students how to define and clarify information, ask appropriate questions to clarify or challenge statements or beliefs, judge the credibility of sources, and solve problems by predicting probable outcomes through logic or deduction.
It is important to remember that Piaget's stages of cognitive development are also linked to intellectual potential and environmental experiences.
If the learning environment is crucial to the development of critical thinking skills, what instructional strategies can be used to promote critical thinking?
While teaching problem-solving skills is important to the process of learning how to use critical thinking skills, in the absence of other learning activities it may not be enough.
Applying Critical Thinking Processes To Professional Practice Instant Research Papers
Sternberg, Ennis, and Lipman assert that critical thinking skills are not a fixed entity but a form of intelligence that can be taught.
Lipman describes critical thinking as a complex process based on standards of objectivity, utility, or consistency in which students can reflect upon the certainty of their thinking because critical thinking is self-correcting.
In order words, students can defend their thinking with evidence.
He explains that ordinary thinking is simplistic thinking because it does not rely upon the use of standards or criteria.
Examples of ordinary thinking are guessing, believing, and supposing.