Women of the upper classes exercised political influence through marriage and motherhood.
During the Roman Republic, the mother of the Gracchus brothers and of Julius Caesar were noted as exemplary women who advanced the career of their sons.
In ancient Egypt, women enjoyed the same rights under the law as a man, however rightful entitlements depended upon social class.
Landed property descended in the female line from mother to daughter, and women were entitled to administer their own property.
As men engaged in military activity, women took responsibility for running estates.
Following protracted warfare in the 4th century BC Spartan women-owned approximately between 35% and 40% of all Spartan land and property.Until marriage, women were under the guardianship of their father or other male relative. As women were barred from conducting legal proceedings, the kyrios would do so on their behalf.Women were excluded from ancient Athenian democracy, both in principle and in practice.This arrangement was one of the factors in the independence Roman women enjoyed.They were simultaneously disparaged as too ignorant and weak-minded to practice law, and as too active and influential in legal matters—resulting in an edict that limited women to conducting cases on their own behalf instead of others'.Women's rights are the rights and entitlements claimed for women and girls worldwide, and formed the basis for the women's rights movement in the nineteenth century and feminist movement during the 20th century.In some countries, these rights are institutionalized or supported by law, local custom, and behavior, whereas in others they are ignored and suppressed.This separation would entail living in a room called a gynaikeion, while looking after the duties in the home and having very little exposure with the male world.This was also to ensure that wives only had legitimate children from their husbands.Freeborn women of ancient Rome were citizens who enjoyed legal privileges and protections that did not extend to non-citizens or slaves.Roman society, however, was patriarchal, and women could not vote, hold public office, or serve in the military.