Adhd Research Papers

ADHD experts say it is often a pediatrician who does not spend the kind of time it takes to make an accurate diagnosis.

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‘They get seven minutes face to face, [the doctor gives] them a prescription, and then 30 days later they come back to get it renewed.” (The CDC, however, defends its figures.

They say the numbers from their parent survey hold up when they’re compared to their own separate, more scientific study looking at insurance claims and field assessments.

Keith Connors, professor emeritus of medical psychology at Duke University and creator of the Connors Rating Scales for diagnosing ADHD, says he always offers the same challenge: “Take one of these kids on a car trip for a day and see how you feel about it then.” It’s easy to see why some dismiss ADHD as simply an artifact of modern life. Most Americans are exposed to an average of 100,000 words a day—about the length of Mark Twain’s —very little of which we’re able to absorb, according to a 2009 study on America’s information consumption from the University of California, San Diego.

We’re also asked from a very young age to be still, nearly motionless, except for the tapping of our fingers on the computer keys.

“[That number] is preposterous,” says Connors, who studied and treated ADHD for 50 years before retiring.

“That would make it an epidemic.” () One possible explanation for the frequency of the diagnosis is that the data collection method is imperfect.Many of those, along with dysfunctional behavior conditions such as oppositional defiant disorder, characterized by aggression, tantrums and a propensity to argue with adults, and learning disabilities such as dyslexia, are often diagnosed as co-illnesses with ADHD.Saul criticizes the catchall-nature of an ADHD diagnosis, which he believes corrals a lot of real conditions into one.The National Survey of Children’s Health is a phone survey and the figures on ADHD are collected on the basis of the answers to one question: “Has a doctor or other health care provider ever told you that [your child] had attention deficit disorder or attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder, that is, ADD or ADHD?” The type of “other health care provider” isn’t established.Ours is not a society tolerant of perpetual motion or daydreaming.At some point, we’re all like the dog in the Pixar movie, , doing one thing and then responding to the real-life equivalent of “Squirrel! It may have been first described in the medical literature in 1763 by Scottish physician Sir Arthur Crichton, who observed patients so unable to focus that “the barking of dogs, an ill-tuned organ, or the scolding of women, are sufficient to distract patients of this description to such a degree, as almost approaches to the nature of delirium.” Those patients, he noted, referred to their own symptoms, including anger “bordering on insanity,” as “the fidgets.” The argument doesn’t hold up either when ADHD’s worldwide prevalence is factored in.During that time, Saorla’s actions are as scattered as pool balls in a break.She sits on her knees, then jiggles, then rocks, then circles photos in a stack of food magazines with a pen, turning off the TV, turning up the TV, turning down the TV, and making part of a bracelet on a Rainbow Loom before she finally loses interest.(While she’s not at school, her mother gives her a medication holiday in order to boost her appetite, help her gain weight and grow, all things Vyvance interferes with.) “When we had her tested they said that in 20 years she was the most hyperactive child they ever tested,” says Meenagh, gently removing that errant foot from the table yet again.But Saorla’s perpetual motion isn’t what concerns Meenagh the most.


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