A Field Guide To Critical Thinking

A Field Guide To Critical Thinking-90
Learning how to figure probabilities and weigh statistical claims in one’s head may be a slog, but Levitin shows why the effort is worth it.We are easily swayed by first-person accounts rather than evidence.

Learning how to figure probabilities and weigh statistical claims in one’s head may be a slog, but Levitin shows why the effort is worth it.We are easily swayed by first-person accounts rather than evidence.We tend to be pigheaded once we form a belief, and it is hard to let go even when challenged by evidence to the contrary. The biggest pitfall is that our brain largely decides based on emotional considerations, which it then seeks to rationalize and justify.

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Elder has coauthored four books on critical thinking, as well as all 23 titles found in the Thinker's Guide Library. Richard Paul was a leading proponent of critical thinking and through his work and legacy remains an international authority in the field.

He founded the Center for Critical Thinking at Sonoma State University in 1980, followed by the Foundation for Critical Thinking.

How do we distinguish misinformation, pseudo-facts, distortions, and outright lies from reliable information?

Levitin groups his field guide into two categories—statistical infomation and faulty arguments—ultimately showing how science is the bedrock of critical thinking.

Levitin shows how to recognize misleading announcements, statistics, graphs, and written reports revealing the ways lying weasels can use them.

It's becoming harder to separate the wheat from the digital chaff.Readers learn to avoid the extremes of passive gullibility and cynical rejection. Organising my study is a different problem from organising a library, or organising a drinking session in a brewery.Levitin's charming, entertaining, accessible guide can help anyone wake up to a whole lot of things that aren't so. Organising things can be practical to the point of banality (what’s the best way to store socks? I am so impressed with Levitin's writing style, which is clear and simple, unlike much of the murky stuff that is written by statisticians and many others.” “Just as Strunk and White taught us how to communicate better, the Field Guide to Lies is an indispensable guide to thinking better.The Miniature Guide to Critical Thinking Concepts and Tools distills the groundbreaking work of Richard Paul and Linda Elder, targeting how to deconstruct thinking through the elements of reasoning and how to assess the quality of our thinking.With more than half a million copies sold, Richard Paul and Linda Elder’s bestselling book in the Thinker’s Guide Library is used in secondary and higher education courses and professional development seminars across the globe.Yet we need the critical thinking he advocates to cut through the tangle of mistakes, manipulations, and outright lies encountered in everyday life.“Just because there’s a number doesn’t mean that the number was arrived at properly,” says Daniel Levitin, the prolific musician, neuroscientist, and educator at Mc Gill University.She has a special interest in the relation of thought and emotion, as well as the cognitive and affective.She has developed an original theory of the stages of critical thinking development.Infoliteracy means understanding that there are hierarchies of source quality and bias that variously distort our information feeds via every media channel, including social media.We may expect newspapers, bloggers, the government, and Wikipedia to be factually and logically correct, but they so often aren't.

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